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We can often hear expressions like “You are like Mother Teresa! Or, What are you, Mother Teresa?”. But where did it come from and whom it belonged to is known not for everyone. So who was Mother Teresa?
Mother Teresa, according to Wikipedia, was born August 27, 1910 in Skopje (Macedonia) in a prosperous family of Albanian Catholics Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born. When she was twelve years old she felt the craving for religion, and at the age of eighteen, came to Ireland and joined the monastic order “Irish Loreto Sisters”. In 1931, she took the veil and a new name in honor of Teresa canonized in 1927 by the Franciscan nun Theresa (of Lisieux), who was known for her kindness and compassion. A year later, the order sent her to Calcutta (India), where she taught geography in the school for girls in monastery of St. Mary for 20 years. In 1946, she received permission from the leadership of the Order to help the poor and the destitute of Calcutta. And in 1948, she established there a community of the Order of Mercy.
The activity of this order was directed at the establishment of schools, orphanages, hospitals for the poor and seriously ill people, regardless of their nationality and religion. Preaching the ideas of mercy and compassion, Mother Teresa managed to win over a lot of supporters and trustees. With their help, departments of the Order of Mercy started to work not only in India, but also in other countries of the world. At the moment, the Order of Mercy has 400 offices in 111 countries and 700 charity homes in 120 countries. Its missions mainly operate in disaster areas and economically disadvantaged regions.
In the former USSR, Mother Teresa is known for helping the victims of the Chernobyl accident and the victims of the earthquake in the Armenian city of Spitak. Charitable activities of Mother Teresa has been appreciated by the Church (Vatican Peace Prize), and in 1979, Teresa of Calcutta was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "for activities to help the suffering person." A few years before her death, the US ambassador to India Frank Wisner arrived in Calcutta to notify Mother Teresa that she was granted US citizenship. She was the fifth person in history to receive this honor.
She died on September 5, 1997 in Calcutta at the age of 87 after a long illness of heart. In honor of her a bronze monument was inaugurated in the city of Calcutta on March 16, 2001.
Its creator is the English sculptor Jonathan Wilder. The monument was installed on the territory of the Mission of Mercy in front of the room where she lived. Now there is her grave. In October 2003, Mother Teresa was beatified by the Catholic Church. Name of Mother Teresa became world famous and is used as a playful synonym for activities of responsive women seeking to help their fellowmen.