There are several ways to get natural juice. The first is to take, for example, orange, and with the help of some simple household appliance squeeze out the moisture. The second way is to go to the store and buy ... Juice? Nectar? Drink? To understand that, we need to go through the whole process of “juice industry” chain.
If we buy juice made, for example, in Finland, we do not realize that oranges or mangoes do not grow there. So how did they get it in the package?
The fruits are harvested in Morocco or Brazil, fresh juice is squeezed out of them and being transported in a special tanker. In order not to carry the water contained in the juice in vain, its pre-evaporated to give a condensed (concentrate) juice containing all components of fresh juice.
By the way, it's written on the packages "100% juice made from natural concentrated juice" - by the addition of water in it. There are no preservatives in such juice. As additives may be present only natural flavors derived from the same species of fruits. Juices are the favorite drinks of vegetarians.
More distant from juice the is a natural orange drink called "nectar". It contains from 25 to 50% of natural juice (for peaches, plums, apricots and other fruits with high content of pulp - natural fruit thereof). All the rest ingredients are: water, sugar, citric acid and natural flavors, in comparison to juice made from any fruit species.
And the last in the "juice series" is juice drink (fruit drink), containing not less than 10% of natural juice or natural fruit share. Yet the people have "dry" powder or juice. It is made entirely of nutritional supplements - sweeteners, acidifiers, dyes and artificial flavors and can not claim for the title of juices, nectars and fruit drinks. However, all the ingredients of these powders are allowed to production and use.
It is clear that the juice will be more expensive than nectar, the drink and the powder. Therefore, the most frequent reception of juice falsification - is to give out the nectar for the juice or the drink for the nectar.
For the health of buyers these tricks are harmless in principle. However, not that harmless for their budgets. So read carefully what is written on the box of juice in the smallest letters, not to pay for an advertising slogan or a beautifully written price tag. What is the difference between the juice in package and freshly squeezed juice? The truth about the technology of production "100% natural" juice powder and glucose syrup.
What juice is made from?
The vast majority of packaged juice is made from apples. The apple juice, which is the cheapest, being added water, sugar and flavorings. By the way, even apple juice content in some cases is not higher than 10%.
The resulting liquid is called "apple-cherry" or "apple-grape" juice. But the most mysterious juices are hidden behind the name "Multi-fruit" – it is better not even know from what remains of the fruits it was made from.
Natural or 100% juice?
The juice squeezed from exotic fruit, can wear only one name - "direct extraction juice." No more than 2% of such juice are sold on the market, and the rest 98% are the so-called reconstituted juices, can be labeled as "100%" or "natural". These words say only that the juice in the package according to the parameters (composition, color and smell) is identical to freshly squeezed. Of course, modern food technology has leaped forward, and you can make anything taste anything.
How the packaged juice is made?
In most cases, packaged beverages ( "juice") are produced by pulp-wash technology - remaining after direct extraction left out of oranges or apples soaked, defended, and then squeezed again, and the same process is performed several times. In the resulting liquid with particles of pulp is being added citric acid, flavorings, sugar, or glucose syrup. The good news is that the manufacturer still can not call it "juice", but only "nectar" or "drink".
Glucose and fructose syrup
As already mentioned, to impart sweetness to the beverage ( "juice") its cheap analogue - fructose syrup is being added. Speaking of the latter - unlike sugar, it does not cause feelings of content, and you can drink a lot. Other disadvantages of this syrup consist in the fact that it is several times higher in calories than sugar, and calories, after consuming it, directly transform into the fat. Fructose syrup contained in cola and baked goods, is responsible for the epidemic of obesity. So, if you are losing weight, choose the juice carefully.
How to determine the quality of juice?
One of the easiest ways to check the natural juice is to boil it. Natural orange juice (orange, peach, apricot) when boiled, loses color, while for dyes, the temperature is not scary.
For dark juices (cherry or grape), there is another test to determine the quality. If you add in the real juice a few pinches of ordinary baking soda, the color of the drink should noticeably darken. Most packaged drinks, despite its name, have little in common with freshly squeezed juice. Talking about the benefits of these drinks is inappropriate, especially considering how much harmful for the health is the content of sugar.
Tips & tricks
As already mentioned, you should know how to choose packaged juice.
Product of direct extraction is better to drink only in the season of ripening of the fruits and vegetables, from which it is made. And it is better, if it is enclosed in a glass bottle. For example, cherry juice should be consumed from June to July because in August it will be sold as the already recovered.
Carefully make sure that the label contains information on the expiry date, according to the standards of food and energy value, contact of the manufacturer.
Sugar, bee products and citric acid are the safest supplements. All others can already be detrimental to health.
Keep in mind that the product that is listed first, prevails in the composition of the juice.
Long shelf-life of juices in cardboard packaging Tetra Pak can be explained by the use of aseptic technology, which guarantees the observance of sterility at all stages of production. Bacteria from which the raw material is being cleaned during processing does not enter the product again. Moreover, during transport and storage of the contents, which consists of several layers, it is reliably protected against light, moisture, oxygen, odors and extraneous.
This combination of technology and aseptic packaging allows the product to be protected against pathogenic organisms - that is why the juices do not lose their quality characteristics for so long. For the same reason, the juices in a sealed cardboard package are optionally stored in a refrigerator .
Pay attention to green smoothies, as they contain more pulp and are more beneficial.
Taking care of your health and physical condition of their loved ones, do not drink a lot of packaged juices. Do this occasionally, but rather squeeze the juice from fresh berries, fruits and vegetables, harvested in their season of ripening. Prepare homemade fruit drinks and it will bring benefit from this more than a hundred times. I wish you a good health!
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