How should be written essay about race? Race and ethnicity essay is a very important and interesting topic, that should be discussed and described in a proper way. Discrimination based on race, color or ethnicity ( so called “racial discrimination"), according to Wikipedia - it is almost always considered as a violation of human rights. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, which is the main normative act of prohibiting racial discrimination, says: "... the term 'racial discrimination' shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, color, descent or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life."
The fundamental principle of non-discrimination lies in equal racial rights, ethnic and national minorities in front of the law and entitled to equal protection of the law. International law prohibits racial discrimination in the areas of (but not limited to): education, health, housing provision, employment and access to public services. States have direct obligations for the prevention, punishment and methods of combating discrimination.
Indirect discrimination occurs when an apparently neutral provision, criterion or practice puts representatives of a minority in a particular disadvantage when compared with other persons, unless that provision, criterion or practice is objectively justified by a legitimate aim and the means to achieve this aim are appropriate and necessary. As an example, shops, which forbade to enter in long skirts, or prohibition to enter into a public institution with your head covered. These rules, although they are neutral in respect ethnicity, in fact may be selectively put at a disadvantage by those certain minority groups who prefer to wear long skirts or hats. The law prohibiting discrimination is only a tool in the fight against discrimination. In fact, you can often be subjected to discrimination during the day.
Only in very few cases, discrimination may be legitimate. Direct discrimination occurs when upon employment genuine occupational qualification is taken into account. One example is the building where all the workers are required to wear helmets for safety. The policy may indirectly discriminate against certain groups of people who are banned from wearing such hats. The employer may, however, be justified by the need to comply with this rule, and say that in this case, the legitimate objective ensures the safety of the workers, that the need is proportional to the risk, and that wearing a helmet is a reasonable requirement for occupational safety and health.
There are several ways of combating racial discrimination, such as:
local anti-discrimination laws;
other laws not directly related to discrimination, but they can be wisely used in discriminatory activities, such as laws to protect human dignity.
Lawsuits are a decisive factor in the fight against discrimination. However, to achieve the justice of lawsuit is not enough. Actions against discrimination should be carefully planned and coordinated.
Despite the effective struggle, the problem of racial discrimination is still actual nowadays. In order to avoid this problem, each of us should be aware of the fact that all the people are the same, and we can’t judge each other on the basis of ethnical or racial identity. Each of us has the right to live long and happy life, without any discrimination or pressure. We should be loyal and tolerant towards each other and respect the cultures and races that exist on our planet.