Diamond has long been the favorite among all women and is headed by the top five most expensive gems. The real diamond does not have any relation to other rocks than the diamond, as well as gems, polished or treated in any other way, except for the brilliant cut. Diamond is a pure carbon and hence has a high hardness. Since ancient times, the diamond was considered a symbol of power, success, luxury, victory.
The history of this precious stone is shrouded in many mysteries, puzzles and intrigue. There is a common belief that the first diamond was found in India more than six thousand years ago.
And then, and later, until the XV century, diamond was valued almost less than any other stone. This is due to the fact that by itself, a rough diamond is not attractive. It acquires its beauty after careful cutting.
For the first time people learned to polish the diamond facets in ancient India. The most important center of diamond cutting to this day is located in Amsterdam. Properly cut diamond is able to distribute the light rays so as to form a wonderful little rainbow with all its sides.
Now there are several types of cut. The best of them is the French one. Due to such processing, the stone is able to shine like the sun.
The fashion for wearing diamonds came to us from France. The first court lady, mistress of King Charles VII - Agnes Sorel, noticed excellent aesthetic properties in the processed diamond and began to decorate her image with such precious stones, became. This happened more than 500 years ago.
However, previously, the diamond was also popular, especially in ancient times. Julius Caesar considered this stone to be his talisman. Subsequently, this mineral was admired by Napoleon.
In 1905, in one of the British colonies, namely in the Transvaal, there was found the biggest diamond in the history of mankind. This nugget has unique properties: it was completely transparent and does not include a foreign impurity. Later it was broken into pieces and faceted. One of the large diamonds, got out of this diamond now decorates the British crown.
Varieties and colors
Whatever the diamond is: black, yellow, blue, white, it is always great. This mineral looks great on any man, regardless of the type of appearance and gender.
Particularly appreciated diamond has no color. The phrase "pure diamond" is a kind of quality mark. This expression means that the mineral dropped into a glass of water, becomes invisible, merged with water purity.
Classifying stone in colors, have identified a number of groups, ranging from colorless to a gradual increase in color saturation to yellow, gray and brown shades.
There is an interesting variety - black diamond. This jewel is of natural origin and is characterized by the beauty and uniqueness.
Most of the white and colored diamonds are transparent and have a glossy finish. Black Stone is matte and almost completely absorbs the light rays. Despite this, the black stones have excellent diamond shine. Beautiful black diamond has unique characteristics. Its price may at times exceed the cost of conventional mineral shades. Nevertheless, stones with inclusions of gray cost less.
Nowadays there is an active development of the technology of artificial cultivation of gemstones and their similarities. Naturally, the bulk of manufacturers, jewelers and buyers are interested in the opportunity to create a king of precious minerals - diamond. This is due to the price of gem. The high cost of diamonds is related to their unique properties, such as phenomenal hardness, excellent ability to refraction of light rays and their return, creating an exceptional play of light and luster faceted diamond. However, there is such an important factor, which does not give the value of the stone fall on competition laws, as diamond market monopolization and secrecy of jewelry production. Artificial diamonds which are grown in laboratories, have several disadvantages:
The color. To synthesize stone with saturated color is easy enough, but to reproduce the natural transparency of the diamond is still an unsolved problem.
Foreign inclusions, such as black carbon thread.
The presence of impurities makes it easy to identify artificial stones on the spectrogram.
The presence of the characteristic fluorescence.
How to identify the authenticity of a diamond at home?
A lot of diamonds in jewelry today are replaced by artificial. The most commonly used artificial species are called cubic zirconia. There are several ways to distinguish the artificial cubic zirconia from the natural diamond:
The physical properties of the gem give it the opportunity to refraction of light rays in a way that can not be seen through the mineral light or any objects. Wearing the ring, and having looked at the diamond, you will not see the finger. If you hold the mineral close to the newspaper, you will not be able to see any paper or any letter through it. Other stones that can be used for counterfeiting gems, do not have similar properties.
Water, glycerin, and methylene iodide help to distinguish diamond from synthetic sapphire and spinel. Fakes will not shine in these fluids, while the original mineral will shine brightly.
Diamond is the hardest mineral in the world. The hardness of the stone gives it resistance against any kind of damage and scratches. If you rub sandpaper against the natural gem, it will retain its integrity. Another mineral will be damaged.
The stones of natural origin are cold. Even with extreme heat gems retain this quality. Holding the natural diamond you can notice its coolness.
If to breathe directly on the artificial stone, it, unlike natural diamond will be perspired.
If to grease the surface of the natural mineral with oil and apply it to the glass, it will stick to it.
Look at the stone through a magnifying glass. Diamonds are always clean, in comparison to artificially grown stones.
The price range of diamonds is wide enough. The price of a diamond depends on many characteristics of the stone:
Transparency. Price for the stone rises on condition of its perfect transparency.
The absence or presence of cracks in the stone or inclusions - items with defects are many times cheaper.
The size of the stone. Brilliant in 1 carat can reach a diameter of 6.5 mm. With high transparency, performance, clarity and color, it can reach $12 000 USD
Color. The most expensive stones are colorless or have a blue tint. Quite often colored diamonds are cheaper.
Diamond is a symbol of innocence, courage and hardness, perfection, power and invincibility. It strengthens in man power centers, gives the strength and courage to bring happiness and good luck in all things, protects against the evil eye and spoilage. Person wearing a diamond becomes more contact, it reduces the effects of negativity. The stone itself contributes to the disclosure of the best aspects of his master.
If you decide to buy a diamond on your own, do not rush with the choice. Hold the stone you liked in your hands, feel its energy and warmth. Just feeling the inextricable link with the stone, you can safely buy vending instance.
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